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What is Exchange Server?

Read Complete Specifications of Exchange Server!

Developer:Microsoft Corporation
Application Type:Mail Server, Calendaring Software, Contact Manager
License:Commercial
Versions:Latest version of Exchange Server is 2016
Written in:C++ and C#
First Release:April 11, 1993
Stable Release:September 14, 2015
Supported Operating System:Windows Server
PlatformX64
Website:www.microsoft.com/exchange

What is Microsoft Exchange Server

Microsoft Exchange Server is a widely used Mail Server, Contact Manager and Calendaring Software developed by Microsoft Corporation.

Before Exchange Server Microsoft has developed number of email products like Microsoft Mail Version 2.0 that was changed by Microsoft Mail for PC Network in 1991. On the release of Exchange Server Microsoft has poisoned it as the upgraded version of Microsoft Mail.

Exchange Server is a client server X-400 based mail server that also supports directory services of X.500. The Directory service used by the Exchange Server now known as Active Directory Service. The active Directory was introduced in Windows Server 2000.

What Protocols are Used by Exchange Server

MAPI, POP3, IMAP, SMTP, EAS

Why Exchange Server is User For

Most of the reader may have question For What Exchange Server is used for? So in this Section you will get the entire information about the uses and importance of Exchange Server.

As Explained above Exchange Server is a Mail Server, Calendaring Software and Contact Manager. Mail Server indicates that it acts as the communication medium between the sender and receiver. Whole mail send through Exchange Server are stored by it in a database copy known as EDB (Exchange Database). Calendaring Software means users can set meeting, remainder through Exchange Server. Contact Manager indicates that it has an efficient algorithm of storing the entire contacts of an organization. One can quickly access the information of any of the contact.

Exchange Server provides higher level of security and administrative access and that's why it is used in most of the organization as the primary mail server.

Exchange Administrator can access the data of any of the Exchange Server mailboxes as Exchange Server keeps one copy of Exchange Server in EDB file format. Along with that, No one can send/receive any of the mail outside the organization without the permission of Exchange Server Administrator.

Different Versions of Exchange Server

  • Exchange Server 4.0 released in 1996
  • Exchange Server 5.0 released in 1997
  • Exchange Server 5.5 released in 1998
  • Exchange Server 2000 released in 2000
  • Exchange Server 2003 released in 2003
  • Exchange Server 2007 released in 2007
  • Exchange Server 2010 released in 2010
  • Exchange Server 2013 released in 2013
  • Exchange Server 2016 released in 2016

What are the Features of Exchange Server Software


Secure your Organization: Exchange Server helps in securing your organizations information and communication with built-in protection against spam, virus and other kind of security attacks. Along with that Exchange Server contains different features to monitor the data and communication for deep analysis.

Perform Communication through Multiple Device: With the help of Exchange Server you can perform communication through multiple devices. Users can access the conversions, tasks, schedules etc. from any of your device like Outlook app for Android and iOS, Outlook Web App.

Scheduling Out of Office: One can now schedule the Out of Office message to start and end on the specified time. One can send separate out of office email message to external recipients. Administrator can enable or disable Out of Office setting anytime.

Access Anytime, Anywhere: By using the Outlook Web Access Exchange users can access their mailbox anytime and anywhere from the Web Browser and Window Mobile Device (Outlook Mobile Access OMA).

What is Primary File Extension of Exchange Server

EDB (Exchange Information Store Database)

Other File Extensions Supported by Exchange Server

.STMStreaming Media File
.PSTPersonal Information Storage Table
.BADExchange Badmail File
.JTXESE Transaction Log
.STFExchange Server 2000 Temporary File
.BDRNon-Delivery Report Body File
.JRSExchange Reserve Transaction Log File
.REQSSL Certificate Request File
.PABPersonal Address Book

Additional Information: Learn How to Convert EDB to PST Format

Final Verdict:

After analyzing the complete features of Exchange Server, we found that this is one of the most used and requried mail server for an organization. We want to give it 9.9 rating out of 10.